What are Habits of Mind?

Habits of Mind Logo100

Costa and Kallick’s (2000) Habits of Mind framework focuses on particular intellectual dispositions to behave in thoughtful and productive ways when confronted with challenges:

 “A Habit of Mind means having a disposition toward behaving intelligently when confronted with problems the answers to which are not immediately known. When humans experience dichotomies, are confused by dilemmas, or come face to face with uncertainties–our most effective actions require drawing forth certain patterns of intellectual behavior. When we draw upon these intellectual resources, the results that are produced through are more powerful, of higher quality and greater significance than if we fail to employ those patterns of intellectual behaviors.”

  From Describing 16 Habits of Mind, Arthur L. Costa and Bena Kallick

 Costa and Kallick have identified the following exemplary Habits of Mind: 

  1. Persisting
  2. Managing impulsivity
  3. Listening with understanding and empathy
  4. Thinking flexibly
  5. Thinking about your thinking (Metacognition)
  6. Striving for accuracy
  7. Questioning and problem posing
  8. Applying past knowledge to new situations
  9. Thinking and communicating with clarity and precision
  10. Gather data through all senses
  11. Creating, imagining, and innovating
  12. Responding with wonderment and awe
  13. Taking responsible risks
  14. Finding humor
  15. Thinking interdependently
  16. Remaining open to continuous learning